In such situations, it is very important to know how to properly treat a wound to prevent infection and speed up the healing process. In this article we discuss step by step what wound care looks like for different types of wounds. For quality wound care products click on the link.
Crucial first step in wound care
Hygiene is the most important part of wound care for any type of wound. Before touching the wound, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water. This prevents bacteria from getting into the wound and causing infections. Before you begin, make sure you have all the necessary supplies on hand: clean water, clean cloths, bandages, and plasters. And make sure you have a good pair of scissors to cut your plasters with. Buy a decent tape cutter via this link. For proper disinfection of your hands, use this alcohol gel. If the wound is bleeding, apply light pressure with clean gauze or a bandage to stop the bleeding.
In these cases it is important that you call the emergency number:
If someone faints from a large or deep, heavily bleeding wound.
When there is still an object in the wound.
If there is a squirting blood vessel. First of all, print the wound yourself and then call 112 as soon as possible.
Cut or laceration wound care
In case of a little bleeding cut or tear, you should rinse the wound with lukewarm water for 1 to 2 minutes. This will wash away dirt from the wound. Do not use disinfectants such as iodine or soap. Consult your doctor if the wound needs stitches and if you need a tetanus shot. Paracetamol can be taken for the pain.
Is suturing necessary?
A superficial wound only needs to be rinsed out and then dried well. Then cover the wound with a plaster. For other wounds, it is important to consult your doctor. The doctor ensures that wound edges are close together. This will stop the bleeding faster and the wound will heal faster. A doctor uses three methods for this:
The dovetail patches
If the wound is closed after this treatment, it is not necessary to be covered. If the wound is still leaking, you can cover the wound.
When you burn yourself, you must immediately cool the burn with gently running lukewarm water for 10 to 20 minutes. Clear the area of clothing and jewelry, except if clothing sticks to the wound. Cover the burn with cling film and call your doctor. Do not touch the wound and do not apply ointment to the wound. Do not use a bandage either, as it may adhere to the wound.
If your abrasion is bleeding, you can apply pressure to the wound with a clean cloth. At the arm or leg you can bandage the wound and then keep your limb high. No moisture or blood comes from dry abrasions. In this case, you can rinse the wound in lukewarm water. Do this for about 1 to 2 minutes. Do not use disinfectant or soap. Is there still dirt in the wound? Then rub with a wet washcloth or wet gauze. In the presence of coarser debris, such as grains of sand or splinters in the wound, use tweezers to remove the debris. The wound needs to air dry, as this forms a protective crust. For deeper abrasions or wounds that will suffer from friction, it is better to cover the wound with a plaster.
Treat bite wound
You treat a bite wound the same as a cut, except when there is a chance that you have contracted the rabies virus. In this case, rinse with lukewarm water for fifteen minutes. Then disinfect the wound with 70% alcohol. And then call the doctor. Open wounds should also be tied off with a clean bandage or cloth before the doctor is called in. The doctor will then see if the wound needs to be stitched. In addition, he checks whether something is damaged in tendons, muscles or joints. If so, he will send you to the hospital. He also does this if there is a chance that you have contracted a virus from the bite wound.